Fortuna >> The goal of Fortuna head coach Daniel Holmes entering the 2017 soccer campaign was to try and build back up what the Huskies have had over the past handful of seasons.He had plenty of new pieces to the puzzle and lots of voids to try and fill.With its 3-0 win over Del Norte on Wednesday evening, Fortuna is on the brink doing the same exact thing as it did this time last year — capture the Humboldt-Del Norte League title in undefeated fashion.The Huskies, who improved to 15-0-1 on …
Two related articles in the Public Library of Science (PLoS) show that a large number of species can branch out of a small population in a short time. Hobbyists familiar with tropical fish appreciate how wide is the variety found within Cichlids. In the first article,1 the author alleged that in the last 15,000 years, the number of cichlid species living in the lake grew from a handful to hundreds. Nearby Lake Malawi, which is supposedly much older, boasts no better variety of cichlids. Just as dog breeders select for a desired trait, the environment that each group of fish finds itself in selects for genes that cause the fish to survive well in that environment. Isolation of the new “breed” of fish causes the combination of genes to be preserved. The surprise to scientists was the speed at which this happened, compared to their expectations:Though Lake Victoria cichlids appear millions of years younger than their counterparts in nearby Lake Malawi, both groups display an enormous range of physical and behavioral traits. This staggering diversity in such young species provides compelling evidence for adaptive radiation, which occurs when divergent selection operates on ecological traits that favor different gene variants, or alleles, in different environments. When divergent selection on an ecological trait also affects mate choice—promoting reproductive isolation of diverging populations—ecological diversity and speciation may proceed in tandem and quickly generate numerous new species.Another surprise was to find that natural selection had succeeded in eliminating gene variety in some groups, “fixing” the gene: offspring contained only one type gene, recessive or dominant, and variety has been eliminated:Despite substantial theoretical and some experimental support for such “by-product speciation,” few studies have shown that selection has “fixed” alleles (that is, driven its frequency in a population to 100%) with different effects on an adaptive trait in closely related populations. But now, Yohey Terai, Norihiro Okada, and their colleagues have bridged that gap by demonstrating divergent selection on a visual system gene that influences both ecological adaptation and mate choice in cichlids.In another paper in PLoS Biology,2 the author demonstrates that it really was the environment that produced the variety of characteristics within the Cichlid population:Divergent natural selection acting on ecological traits, which also affect mate choice, is a key element of ecological speciation theory, but has not previously been demonstrated at the molecular gene level to our knowledge. Here we demonstrate parallel evolution in two cichlid genera under strong divergent selection in a gene that affects both. Strong divergent natural selection fixed opsin proteins with different predicted light absorbance properties at opposite ends of an environmental gradient. By expressing them and measuring absorbance, we show that the reciprocal fixation adapts populations to divergent light environments. The divergent evolution of the visual system coincides with divergence in male breeding coloration, consistent with incipient ecological by-product speciation.1Gross L (2006), “Demonstrating the Theory of Ecological Speciation in Cichlids,” PLoS Biology 4(12): e449 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0040449.2Terai Y, Seehausen O, Sasaki T, Takahashi K, Mizoiri S, et al. (2006), “Divergent selection on opsins drives incipient speciation in Lake Victoria cichlids,” PLoS Biology 4(12): e433.DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0040433.This is exactly what creationists have been saying all along: it doesn’t take long for genetic variation and the environment to produce the variety of species we see. All species of canines could have descended from one pair on an Ark a few thousand years ago. From wolves to Chihuahuas, all dogs are of the “dog” kind, and it didn’t take millions of years for their “adaptive radiation.” In fact, it could have taken only hundreds of years in some cases. The environment they found themselves in selected for the traits best suited to that environment. For an evolutionist accustomed to speaking in millions of years, a mere fifteen thousand years for Lake Victoria to get its variety of cichlids is just a blink of time. Yet they acknowledge that all these species appeared in this amazingly brief period. Human skin color could have been selected in a similar short time: light skinned people who could make Vitamin D with less sunlight were selected for in northern latitudes, while dark skinned people who resisted the effects of intense sun were selected for in equatorial regions. Notice the sleight of mind with terminology in the last quote: “Divergent natural selection”, “parallel evolution”, “divergent selection”, “divergent natural selection”, and “divergent evolution” are used interchangeably to mean the same thing. We are regularly being conditioned to confuse natural selection with evolution, or, to put it in other terms: micro-evolution with macro-evolution. Evolution requires new information to be created. There is no creation of new information here, as the articles admit. In fact, one of the points the author makes is that the natural selection of the environmental factors often drove the frequency of a particular gene in a fish population to 100%. All other genes affecting the characteristic had been eliminated. This is loss of information, not gain – the opposite of what macro-evolution requires. Surely, the scientists who wrote these papers must know this. Once again, commitment to evolution is faith in spite of the evidence.—DK(Visited 14 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
29 April 2014 South Africa’s Kelvin van der Linde racked up yet another memorable milestone in his young career with victory in race two of the opening round of the ADAC GT Masters in Oschersleben, Germany, on Sunday. The 17-year-old motor-racing phenomenon, the 2013 South African Motor Sportsman of the Year, shared a Prosperia C Abt Audi R8 with Germany’s Rene Rast and became the youngest ever GT Masters pole-sitter (in race one) and race winner. The two Prosperia C Abt Audi drivers dominated Sunday’s event to come home 2.4 seconds ahead of the Porsche 911 GT3 R driven by Christian Engelhart of Germany and Dutchman Jaap van Lagen. Dramatic start The race got off to a dramatic start with a pile-up ahead of the first corner, which immediately brought out the red flags. All seven drivers involved emerged relatively unscathed. After a 30-minute delay, it was restarted but over a reduced distance, with the time now limited to 48 minutes. Rast, still in pole position, led off strongly. The pursuing pair of Austrian Dominik Baumann in a BMW Z4 GT3 and Van Lagen in the Porsche were preoccupied with a private battle for second position, and while Van Lagen prevailed, he was unable to pose any sort of threat to race leader Rast.Mandatory pit stop At the mandatory pit stop, Rast handed over to co-driver Van der Linde with a two- second cushion, and the youngster then brought the car home safely ahead of Engelhart and Van Lagen. Baumann and German Claudia Hurtgen were third in the BMW, 3.1 seconds in arrears. The debut performance by the young South African could hardly have been more impressive: he not only became the youngest ever race winner in the series but also claimed one of the two pole positions in his own right.‘Quite nerve-wracking’ “I found the first half hour of the race quite nerve-wracking and was a bit concerned when I took over as race leader, as I didn’t know if I could hang on to P1 after the pit stop,” Van der Linde confessed afterwards. “But I then found myself further in front and just focused on finishing the race and managing the lead. “I’m very grateful to Christian Abt for the opportunity to drive his car in the ADAC GT Masters. This is a mega step up for me in my motor racing career and I am very happy to have helped the team get the new season off to such a good start. The team gave Rene and I a great car this weekend.”‘Kelvin drove a fantastic race’ “Kelvin drove a fantastic race, didn’t make any mistakes and withstood massive pressure from the opposition,” said an admiring Rast. “Apart from that frightening incident at the start, it was a relatively straightforward race. I opened up a gap on the Porsche, but never quite managed to shake him off.” Prosperia C Abt Racing, the winners of the team prize in 2013, fielded three Audi R8 LMS ultra cars in the first round of the high-profile international series. Pole position Van der Linde and Rast started from the pole position claimed by the South African in car #10 in Saturday’s opening one-hour sprint race. They put in impressive performances in their first appearance together and at the chequered flag were just 0.307s behind the winning Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG GT3 of Germany’s Max Buhk and Max Gotz. Engelhart and Van Lagen were third in the Porsche. The other two Prosperia C Abt Racing Audis, the #12 RT8 Audi driven by Markus Winkelhock and Stefan Wackerbauer and the #11 car shared by Nicki Thiim and Fabian Hamprecht, were forced to retire from both races. The Series Van der Linde and Rast will contest all eight rounds of the series, which features races at famous circuits like Zandvoort in Holland and the Nurburgring and the Hockenheimring in Germany. Their competition includes Porsche 911 GT3s, BMW Z4 GT3s, Chev Camaro GTs and Chev Corvette GT3s, Ford GT3s, Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG GT3s and Nissan GT-R GT3s. They now lead the championship with 43 points to the 33 of Engelhart and Van Lagen and the 25 of Hurtgen and Baumann. The next round of the championship is at Zandvoort on 10 and 11 May. SAinfo reporter
Read Next Frontrow holds fun run to raise funds for young cancer patients Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa BSP sees higher prices in November, but expects stronger peso, low rice costs to put up fight Nonong Araneta re-elected as PFF president Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games MOST READ Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC PBA IMAGESTNT secured a spot in the top four after handing Barangay Ginebra its worst beating under Tim Cone, 121-92, in the 2017 PBA Governors’ Cup Saturday night at Smart Araneta Coliseum.Glen Rice Jr. and Jayson Castro uncorked 12 3-pointers combined with the fiery import unleashing a flurry in the third quarter, where the KaTropa took the air out of the Gin Kings.ADVERTISEMENT LOOK: Loisa Andalio, Ronnie Alonte unwind in Amanpulo for 3rd anniversary Ginebra just couldn’t figure out how to slow down not only Rice and Castro but the entire TNT side, which also has the likes of Roger Pogoy, Troy Rosario and Kelly Williams stepping up.Rice exploded for 36 points on top of nine rebounds while Castro had 28 points on 11-of-13 shooting from the field that went with four rebounds and seven assists.Justin Brownlee scored 28 points and grabbed 14 rebounds to pace the Kings, who have held the top spot early in the conference but could still fall to as low as fifth place depending on the outcome of the last day of eliminations on Sunday.ADVERTISEMENT View comments “We’ve always talked about everybody pitching in for us to be successful every game. I think today players were really focused on the task and they were all ready to contribute today,” said TNT head coach Nash Racela, whose squad became the first team to clinch a twice-to-beat advantage.“It really helped us that we shot really, really well especially in the three-point area. When you shoot that way you really have a good chance winning ball games.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutRice couldn’t miss in the third quarter. He hit four triples in a row in just a span of one minute and 36 seconds to stretch TNT’s lead to 20, 83-63, with 4:25 left.TNT, which rose to 8-3, shot 17-of-40 from long range, hitting 10 triples in the second half. Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. E.T. returns to earth, reunites with grown-up Elliott in new ad PVL men’s: Ateneo wins 6th straight at expense of La Salle LATEST STORIES
About the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say Napoli defender Kalidou Koulibaly buzzing: I do this for our fansby Carlos Volcanoa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveNapoli defender Kalidou Koulibaly was floating after their victory over Champions League opponents Liverpool.Koulibaly was outstanding for the 2-0 win.He said at the final whistle: “I arrived late to pre-season training as I was at the Africa Cup of Nations and Kostas Manolas had joined a new team, so it took us a while to learn how to play together and we conceded a lot of goals, but we’re improving.“I try to give 110 per cent to these fans, as they give me so much love and I want to repay them. “I throw myself into challenge for them, as I want to take the Napoli colours to the top, so it fills my heart when they cheer for me.”
TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Big Serie A interest arriving for Arsenal outcast Mesut Ozilby Paul Vegas14 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveSerie A interest is arriving for Arsenal midfielder Mesut Ozil.Ozil is on the outer at the Gunners this season.Fenerbahce have entered into negotiations with Arsenal about a loan deal for the German.But Calciomercato.it reports there is also interest from Italy.Inter Milan, AC Milan and Napoli are all ready to make a move for Ozil ahead of the January market.
Bob Saget will host Cool Comedy – Hot Cuisine, the Scleroderma Research Foundation’s (SRF) signature event on Monday, October 22 at Carolines on Broadway.Saget, an SRF Board Member who lost his sister to scleroderma, will be joined in the fundraising effort by comedians Seth Herzog (Late Night with Jimmy Fallon), Seth Meyers (Saturday Night Live), John Oliver (The Daily Show) and Triumph the Insult Comic Dog.Presented by Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Cool Comedy – Hot Cuisine benefits the SRF, America’s leading nonprofit investor in research to find improved therapies and a cure for people living with scleroderma, a disease of the connective tissues that literally means “hard skin,” but often affects the internal organs with life-threatening consequences.Symptoms and severity of scleroderma vary greatly and the course of the disease is often unpredictable. Women between the ages of 20 and 50 represent 80% of patients; however, children and men of all ages are also affected.The “Hot Cuisine” will be provided by Bravo Top Chef Masters and restaurateurs Susan Feniger (an SRF Board Member) and Mary Sue Milliken (Food Network’s Too Hot Tamales) featuring dishes from Feniger’s acclaimed restaurant, STREET.“It’s inspiring what can happen when passionate people work together,” says Saget. “As a result of this night, researchers on the front lines for patients are changing lives.”Cool Comedy – Hot Cuisine events held in New York, Los Angeles and San Francisco have raised considerable awareness for scleroderma and enabled the SRF to press forward with research aimed at helping patients live longer, fuller lives. Founded by patient Sharon Monsky in 1987, the SRF has raised more than $31,000,000 to fund research at Dartmouth, Stanford, University of California San Francisco and other universities as well as America’s foremost scleroderma center at Johns Hopkins.“The Foundation’s collaborative approach is enabling scientists from leading institutions across the nation and abroad to work together and develop an understanding of how scleroderma begins, progresses and what can be done to slow, halt or reverse the disease process,” explains Luke Evnin, Ph.D., SRF Board Chair and Managing Partner of MPM Capital, one of the world’s largest investors in life sciences.Cool Comedy – Hot Cuisine will include a live auction featuring the opportunity to be part of two of fashion’s premier events, the Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show and Mercedes Benz Fashion Week. Dining packages include a dinner for eight at the legendary Rao’s and an in-home dinner prepared by Top Chef Master Jonathan Waxman. Travel packages, including trips to Park City Utah and a celebrity chef Las Vegas/Los Angeles internship, are accompanied by first-class airfare provided by event sponsor Delta Private Jets.This event is sold out. All contributions benefit the Scleroderma Research Foundation. For more information, call (800) 441-CURE or visit www.sclerodermaRESEARCH.org.Source:PR Newswire
MONTREAL – Via Rail won’t establish minimum content requirements for the new trains it plans to order for Canada’s main railway corridor that transports millions of passengers annually.“As Via Rail is a Crown corporation, the procurement process must be compliant with laws and international treaties,” spokeswoman Mylene Belanger wrote in an email.The national passenger service said Monday that it will launch a request for qualifications, followed by a request for proposals that will take about a year to complete.Via said it expects the 32 new trains that will run between Quebec City and Windsor will maintain capacity for 9,100 seats. The first trains are scheduled to enter into service in early 2022, with the remainder delivered two years later.Belanger said the railway plans to conduct a “fair, open and transparent bidding structure process” accessible to all qualified companies. An independent fairness monitor will follow the procurement process.Long-term maintenance over the next 30 years will be completed in Canada.The lack of minimum content levels recently ruffled some feathers, especially with Bombardier workers, when the Caisse de depot awarded the rolling stock contract for its $6.3-billion electric train project in Montreal to a consortium involving Alstom Transport Canada and a subsidiary of SNC-Lavalin.A spokesman for Bombardier Inc.’s railway division called the Via Rail project interesting.“The idea that the government wants to introduce elements that will allow this contract to take into account future electrification brings the Bombardier portfolio to the fore,” Jacques Tetrault said in an interview.Federal Transport Minister Marc Garneau announced funding Monday included in the recent budget to help Via Rail which he said has been playing an important role for decades in the lives of Canadians that rely on the train.He said the government has no choice but to have an open bidding process to anyone around the world.“I hope that there will be local content but we will conform to rules that guide us regarding international commerce,” he said in Ottawa.About 94 per cent of the nearly four million passengers Via Rail carries annually travel on the Quebec City to Windsor corridor.Via Rail declined to put an estimate on the required funding to replace its fleet but published reports have pegged the amount at up to $1.5 billion.The trains promise to reduce environmental emissions with more fuel-efficient engines, enhance accessibility for visually, hearing and physically impaired passengers and improve on-time performance from reduced mechanical breakdowns.The diesel engines will be able to operate on electricity as the infrastructure becomes available.Via Rail president Yves Desjardins-Siciliano said the funding will improve service by ensuring uninterrupted access along the busy rail corridor.“A new modern fleet will provide our travellers with safer, faster, more frequent, more accessible and environmentally friendlier service,” he said.Some of the old railway cars will be modernized and deployed on transcontinental and regional routes, while others would be sold or recycled, said Belanger.Ottawa also earmarked $8 million for Transport Canada to conduct economic analysis on a proposed high-frequency rail project between Quebec City and Toronto that would operate on dedicated tracks.Federal funding would also be used to explore the potential role for the Canada Infrastructure Bank in the project.Via Rail was created by the federal government in 1977 to take over intercity passenger service provided by Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway.The company has struggled in the past after being forced to cut staffing and reduce service when its operating funding was slashed in half in 1990.A decade later, the government provided $402 million five years to purchase new cars.Follow @RossMarowits on Twitter.Companies in this story: (TSX:CNR, TSX:CP, TSX:BBD.B)
New Delhi: A day after the Mahagadbandhan announced the seat-sharing pact and names of its candidates for phase 1 polls, the the BJP on Saturday announced 102 more candidates for the Lok Sabha polls, including national spokesman Sambit Patra from Puri, Odisha, Union ministers Narendra Singh Tomar (Morena, MP), Jayant Sinha (Hazaribagh, Jharkhand) and Shripad Naik (North Goa). Anurag Thakur has been renominated from Hamirpur.The party dropped four sitting MPs to fight anti-incumbency in Maharashtra. The party has dropped Pune MP Anil Shirole who has been replaced by Maharashtra Minister Girish Bapat. In Bihar, the BJP has dropped longtime “party warrior” Shatrughan Sinha from the Patna Sahib Lok Sabha constituency and fielded Union Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad from the Kayastha-dominated seat. Sinha is a two-time sitting MP from Patna Sahib but he has been unhappy with the BJP for the past couple of years. Also Read – India gets first tranche of Swiss bank a/c detailsSinha has been seen aligned with the Opposition parties in targeting the Narendra Modi Government over issues ranging from demonetisation, GST, farmers’ distress, unemployment and allegations of corruption in Rafale deal. In the NDA list, Union Minister Giriraj Singh has been moved from his Nawada seat to Begusarai parliamentary constituency. Notably, Singh had expressed his displeasure over contesting from a new seat. The Nawada Lok Sabha seat has gone to the LJP as part of the seat-sharing pact and the LJP has fielded Chandan Singh (nephew of strongman Surajbhan Singh) from here. Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh was named NDA candidate from Purvi Champaran. He is the sitting MP. Also Read – Tourists to be allowed in J&K from ThursdayThe NDA’s list for Bihar has also taken care of caste equations as the party has fielded 13 candidates from the general category, 12 candidates belonging to the backward community and seven candidates belong to the extremely backward classes. The NDA has fielded three Bhumihar candidates while seven candidates belong to the Rajput community. In Uttar Pradesh, Pradeep Choudhary will contest from Kairana, which the BJP had lost in the by-polls while Yeshwant has been fielded from Nagina and Bhola Singh from Bulandshahr. Octogenarian party leader and sitting Kangra MP Shanta Kumar has been dropped. Kishan Kapoor will replace him. With Saturday’s 102 names, the party has announced 286 candidates.
In the eternally running discussion thread “Hey Bill” at billjamesonline.com, the website of sabermetric legend Bill James, the question came up of measuring the growth of sabermetric knowledge. James’s idea? Measure the extent to which teams are taking park factors into account when judging their rosters. But Tom Tango, author of “The Book,” offered another gauge: look at which teams are using good hitters in the No. 2 lineup slot.Traditionally, the two-hole was the domain of contact hitters with good bat control, with premiums placed on the ability to hit behind the runner, to sacrifice bunt, and to generally move the leadoff man over (even if it meant making an out). You can see this statistically: During Major League Baseball’s expansion era (1961-present), the No. 2 slot has the highest aggregate contact rate of any batting order position.But research by Tango and his compatriots suggests teams have been doing it wrong. After examining how important each batting event (single, double, walk, etc.) is to each lineup slot — based on factors such as how many runners are likely to be on base and how many outs they’re likely to hit with — the data says a team ought to bat its three best hitters in the No. 1, No. 2 and No. 4 slots, with the most balanced hitter occupying the two-hole. That’s a far cry from the conventional wisdom of slotting the best hitter either third or fourth, and putting a weak contact specialist at No. 2.So, if there are more good hitters in the second position, it’s a possible sign sabermetrics has penetrated the managerial mindset. But if there’s a pattern toward a more enlightened lineup card, it’s not detectable by looking at the average quality of No. 2 hitters (according to weighted runs created, known as wRC+) since the introduction of the designated hitter in 1973:If we take a five-year moving average to smooth out year-to-year variance above, it’s even clearer that we’re not in the golden age of great hitters batting second:Historically, the quality levels of MLB leadoff and No. 2 hitters tend to track with each other — and contra the performances of third and fourth hitters. (Meanwhile, Nos. 5 and 6 have stayed fairly stable over the years, with the five slot outproducing six by a decent amount.) The good news is that it appears the two-hole has emerged from the dark ages of the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s, when slot Nos. 3 and 4 vastly outpaced Nos. 1 and 2.It may not be coincidental that the bleakest of times for the No. 2 spot came during MLB’s so-called steroid era. The stat we’re using, wRC+, compares a player’s per-plate appearance productivity against the average of all hitters, and the power hitters who frequently bat third and fourth may have received the benefits of performance-enhancing drugs at a greater rate than the overall population of MLB batters. (This would cause No. 2 hitters to move backward relative to the overall average, even if they themselves saw no change in talent.) With the specter of performance-enhancing drugs reduced in today’s game, the gap between hitter No. 2 and Nos. 3 and 4 has returned to its long-term norm.Still, today’s two-hole batters lag behind those of the halcyon late 1980s and early 1990s, when players such as Ryne Sandberg, Tony Gwynn, Wade Boggs, Roberto Alomar, Julio Franco and Lou Whitaker were doing a large share of their damage from the second spot in the lineup. It’s plausible that the conditions of the game back then simply favored the traditional archetype of the No. 2 hitter more (batting averages were higher, as was the ratio of on-base percentage to slugging), but today’s managers also don’t appear to be moving toward the sabermetric ideal of penciling the team’s best hitter into the No. 2 spot.Sabermetrics has come a long way since the first analysts began tinkering with mathematical models, and there are certainly places where statistical thinking has made its way onto the field (for example, the explosion of defensive shifts in today’s game is rooted in probability theory regarding where a batter is most likely to hit the ball). But when it comes to the two-hole, baseball’s decision-makers still have a bit of a climb ahead of them.