For some Native Americans, Mount Rushmore is a symbol of broken treaties, white domination

first_imgBill Chizek / iStockBy Lauren Lantry, Stephanie Ebbs and Cheyenne Haslett, ABC NewsPresident Donald Trump views his Friday trip to Mount Rushmore as celebrating America’s “heritage” on the July Fourth holiday weekend.“We’re gonna have a tremendous evening,” Trump said Thursday. “It’s going to be a fireworks display like few people have seen. It’s going to be very exciting. It’s going to be beautiful.”But many Native American leaders could not disagree more.They have watched as, across the country, protests over the murder of George Floyd at the hands of Minneapolis police officers grew into a broader demand to reexamine and tear down relics of the nation’s racial past.For many Native Americans, the 79-year-old Mount Rushmore, with four white faces carved into the granite, is a symbol of similar oppression, especially offensive because it’s located in South Dakota’s Black Hills, which they regard with reverence.“Nothing stands as a greater reminder to the Great Sioux Nation of a country that cannot keep a promise or treaty then the faces carved into our sacred land on what the United States called Mount Rushmore,” Chairman Harold Frazier of the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe said in a statement. ”We are now being forced to witness the lashing of our land with pomp, arrogance and fire hoping our sacred lands will survive.”While many Americans view Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln as great leaders, others are reminded of their controversial pasts.Washington and Jefferson both owned slaves; Roosevelt promoted the country’s westward expansion, leading to the desecration of Native lands and peoples by white settlers.According to the Associated Press, Roosevelt is even reported to have said, “I don’t go so far as to think that the only good Indians are dead Indians, but I believe nine out of every 10 are.”And Lincoln, though celebrated for having led the emancipation of black slaves, approved the hanging of 38 Dakota Native American men, according to the Library of Congress. It was the largest government sanctioned mass execution in U.S. history.Mount Rushmore historian Tom Griffith told the AP the sculptor of Mount Rushmore, Gutzon Borglum, was a member of the white supremacist Ku Klux Klan. Though Griffith said Borglum’s allegiance to the Confederacy was more practical than ideological, his affiliations nonetheless stood for hatred and inequality.The monument is also a reminder to Native Americans of the countless treaties broken by the U.S. government.According to both the Lakota tribe and the United States Supreme Court, the Black Hills should never have been taken by the United States government.In 1868, the Fort Laramie Treaty guaranteed a permanent “Great Sioux Reservation” to the Sioux tribe, which included the Black Hills. Under this agreement, “no treaty for the cession of any portion or part of the reservation” could be sold or traded unless 75% of “adult male Indians” agreed to the change.But despite this treaty establishing the Black Hills as part of a reservation, white settlers began moving onto Lakota land searching for gold. Tribes in the area tried to fight them off, but they were also facing a threat of starvation as many of the bison herds in the area were destroyed.In 1873, a group of Lakota men agreed to cede the Black Hills in exchange for the U.S. government providing food. That group of men made up just 10% of the male population of the tribe. But the U.S. government proceeded to take that land, and by 1941 the four presidents’ faces were carved into the mountainside.After years of legal challenges, the Supreme Court in 1980 upheld the Indian Claims Commission’s ruling that the taking of the Black Hills was illegal under the Fifth Amendment, based on the fact that 75% of the tribe’s men had not consented to the agreement.“A more ripe and rank case of dishonorable dealing will never, in all probability, be found in our history,” the majority opinion stated in United States v. Sioux Nation.The Lakota tribe has been offered monetary settlements now worth about $1 billion, according to Jeff Ostler, a historian at the University of Oregon, but they refuse to accept it saying they will only accept the land back that was illegally taken from them.Trump’s visit also comes at a moment when the nation faces a rising coronavirus cases.“Now he’s hosting an over-the-top fireworks display in our sacred Black Hills, while he doles out retribution against our Tribal governments,” said Frazier of the Cheyenne River Sioux. “And for what? For doing what he failed to do—protecting people from a deadly virus.”This event celebrating the nation’s 244th birthday also has raised alarm in some Native American tribes in South Dakota, concerned that the event will put tribal members needlessly at risk for spread of the coronavirus. Their fear only was heightened given the toll the virus has taken on the Navajo Nation where members experience high rates of underlying medical conditions making them more vulnerable and have limited access to hospitals, some 100 miles away.“We are more than three hours from the nearest critical care facility,” said Julian Bear Runner, President of the Oglala Sioux Tribe, ahead of Trump’s visit. “To expose our people to the virus would be devastating. And for our more vulnerable members who have underlying medical conditions, COVID-19 is far more deadly.”While there were originally plans for social distancing during the South Dakota event, those plans have been scrapped and the state is now expecting 7,500 people to attend the Mount Rushmore celebration. An additional 3,500 people will be allowed to watch the fireworks on screens from the exterior.“We told those folks that have concerns that they stay can home,” GOP Gov. Kristi Noem said in an interview with Fox News on Monday night. “But those who want to come, join us. We will be giving out free face masks if they choose to wear one. We won’t be social distancing, we’re asking them to come, be ready to celebrate the freedoms and the liberties we have in this country.”With large crowds expected, no social distancing and face coverings remaining optional – which goes against recommendations issued by the CDC, the Mount Rushmore event concerns Native American locals.“Trump coming here is a safety concern not just for my people inside and outside the reservation, but for people in the Great Plains,” said Bear Runner in an interview with the Guardian. “We have such limited resources in Black Hills, and we’re already seeing infections rising.”Just this week, the United States saw an increase in over 50,000 positive cases in just one day.“In a time of crisis, where more than 127,299 Americans have died, the president is putting our Tribal members at risk to stage a photo-op at one of our most sacred sites,” Frazier said. “This is an administration that has not only mishandled the federal government’s response to the virus from the start, but has attempted to trample on our rights as a sovereign nation to conduct safety checks at our boundaries. We will not allow this administration or anyone to interfere with our right to take measures to protect our people.”The pushback also comes on the heels of a lawsuit brought by the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe against the Trump administration, claiming the White House tried to stop the tribe from implementing checkpoints on federal roads near the reservation. According to the lawsuit, Frazier, the chairman of the tribe, received calls from Mark Meadows, Trump’s chief of staff, and Dr. Deborah Birx, a member of coronavirus task force. The tribe was told that if it didn’t let up on the checkpoints, their law enforcement program would be taken over by the federal government.“You see what they’re doing at the state level in places like Washington state, New York and California to be proactive in slowing the spread,” said Rodney Bordeaux, President of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe, who supports the lawsuit. “Our tribal governments also have rights, and obligations to our people to protect them. Apparently, the administration wants to punish Tribes for that. We will not stand by and let that happen.”Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

Call centers provide human touch when self-service reaches limits

first_img 29SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,Bill Prichard Bill Prichard is Senior Manager, Public Relations and Corporate Communications, for CO-OP Financial Services (www.co-opfs.org), Rancho Cucamonga, Calif., a financial technology provider to credit unions. Prichard can be … Web: www.co-opfs.org Details As we move through 2016 and the rest of this decade, member service will continue to evolve between self-service based on digital technology and the efficacy of the human touch.In a world where direct human contact seems to be losing ground to email and texting, the sound of a real human voice such as that provided by a call center can be a significant business asset when a credit union member needs help or wants to conduct a more complex transaction.The value of human interaction in a business environment was spelled out recently by British marketing consultant Mark Master in an article on Business2Community. “When a company makes a human connection, as opposed to a digital connection, we create a completely different platform to build a relationship,” he said. “People want humanity and openness, not a special offer that runs out at the end of the month.”A call center such as the CO-OP Member Center can be a powerful advantage in today’s digital, arm’s length world. In fact, with the rapid advance of financial technologies, 24/7 call centers have become more important than ever.“The self-service culture has conditioned consumers to expect to be able to conduct their business at any hour,” said Carol Cline-Parton, Vice President, CO-OP Member Center. “And this is only magnified by mobile phones and the Internet, which have led consumers to expect to be connected to anyone, anywhere, anytime, including their credit unions.”People love self-service, but there’s clearly a limit, which is often reached when members need support with the emerging payments technology they have in hand, detailed questions about account status and applying for an auto or personal loan.As Cline-Parton puts it, “When self-service reaches its limit, members will want to reach out to a live person for assistance.”CO-OP Member Center provides support for payment innovations such as Sprig by CO-OP for mobile banking, the Apple Pay or Samsung Pay mobile wallets, CardNav by CO-OP alerts and card control solution, and kiosks enabling shared branching transactions at an ATM.Buyers – i.e., those in need of a loan – are making their purchases after-hours more than ever. CO-OP Member Center’s 2015 after-hours auto loan activity increased by 20 percent compared to 2014. In fact, after-hours loans accounted for 35 percent of CO-OP’s total loan application production last year (including phone and Internet applications).“In many cases, timeliness trumps loyalty, especially when it comes to buying a vehicle,” said Cline-Parton. “So, ‘if you snooze, you lose:’ the possibility of losing a loan because a lender is closed for business is very real.”Third-party call centers make it easier and more cost effective for credit unions to offer round-the-clock lending services, helping to ensure that revenue opportunities are not missed.“Call centers play an integral role in member loyalty, a role that is perhaps ironically only growing with the rise of self-service,” said Cline-Parton. “Just as importantly, a third-party call center can be contracted to scale up and scale back with the changing needs of the credit union. Institutions need to be right-sized all the time today, and outsourcing call center needs really is resource scalability at its best.”Learn more about CO-OP Member Center here.last_img read more

FIFA Gives Nigeria, Ghana Final Deadline or Face Ban

first_imgWorld soccer governing body has given Nigeria and Ghana final warning to respect her statutes or face ban from all football related activities.In a release issued on Tuesday on its  official website stated: “Two decisions of the Bureau of the FIFA Council in relation to undue influence in the affairs of the Nigeria Football Federation and the Ghana Football Association have been notified on 13 August 2018.In line with art. 16 par. 1 of the FIFA Statutes, the Bureau of the FIFA Council decided that if by Monday, 20 August 2018, at 12:00 (CET), the Nigeria Football Federation (NFF) offices are not handed back to the legitimate NFF executive committee under President Amaju Melvin Pinnick, who was duly elected on 30 September 2014, the NFF will be suspended with immediate effect for contravening art. 14 par. 1 i) and art. 19, as well as art. 14 par. 1 a) of the FIFA Statutes. The suspension would be lifted only once the NFF, under President Amaju Melvin Pinnick and General Secretary Mohammed Sanusi, confirms that it has been given back effective control of the NFF and its offices. Furthermore, the Bureau decided that if the suspension of the NFF takes effect, the Nigerian team currently competing in the FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup France 2018 will still be allowed to continue to participate in the tournament on an exceptional basis given that the tournament is underway.Similarly, FIFA said it has taken note of the situation in Ghana as regards the  formal investigation proceedings  being carried out by the chairperson of the investigatory chamber of the Ethics Committee against Mr Kwesi Nyantakyi, who has been provisionally suspended by a decision taken by the chairperson of the adjudicatory chamber of the Ethics Committee.However, the Bureau of the Council considers that the petition introduced by the Attorney General to the High Court of Justice to start the liquidation process of the GFA constitutes undue influence in the affairs of the GFA in contravention of art. 14 par. 1 i) and art. 19 par. 1 of the FIFA Statutes.Under these circumstances, the Bureau decided that if the petition to start the liquidation process of the GFA is not withdrawn by Monday, 27 August 2018 at 12:00 (CET), the GFA will be suspended with immediate effect. The suspension would be lifted only once the above-mentioned petition is withdrawn and FIFA is given written proof thereof.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegramlast_img read more